Set IV, 15


1. Place quotation marks before and after the exact words of a speaker or writer.

Samuel Chang said, "I plan to attend the meeting."

"No," replied Freda, "my parents are in Florida."

"You can come back tomorrow," she said.

Note: Do not set off with quotation marks an indirect quotation (when the speaker's meaning is repeated but not the exact words.)

Bernadine said that her art project is a secret.

Perry warned customers about parking in front of Mr. Chaney's bakery.

2. Use quotation marks to enclose the names of television shows, short poems, essays, short stories, and chapters from books.

Robert Browning wrote "My Last Duchess."

Felipe Reyes' "The Mexican-American in Texas" won first prize in the essay contest.

Leo Mendelwitz's editorial "Save the City" will appear in the New Braunfels News.

3. Use quotation marks sparingly to emphasize sarcasm, irony, or humor. Avoid overuse of this technique; if the irony or humor is obvious, there is usually no need to highlight it with quotation marks.

Thieves no longer steal; they "liberate" a store's stock.

The "furnished" apartment contained a bed, a table, a stool, and a bare light blub.

4. Use single marks to enclose a quotation within a quotation.

She said, "Earl keeps calling my idea 'an impossible dream.'"

#'s 1-3; Bindseil and Dickey: Effective Writing, Houghton Mifflin, 1978, 321. #4; Hodges/Whitten: Harbrace College Handbook, 8th edition, 139.

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