Set iii 9c

I. Phrasal Expansions:

Pattern A: Along the creek and in logged areas, deciduous trees leaf out in late spring to create the green shade of summer, the fiery brilliance of autumn, the desolation of winter.

1. The following has happened throughout the country.

2. It has happened in spite of opposition.

3. The opposition has been vocal.

4. Recycling centers have sprung up.

5. They have sprung up in the last decade.

6. The springing up has been to combat the ways.

7. The springing up has been to combat habits.

8. The habits are those of individuals.

9. The habits are wasteful.

10. The ways are spendthrift.

11. The ways are of big business.

12. The springing up has been to combat spending.

13. The spending is extravagant.

14. The spending is by government.

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1. The following has happened from 1950 onward.

2. It has happened in every nation.

3. The nations are industrialized.

4. Television has tended.

5. The tendency is to become a babysitter.

6. The babysitter is for children.

7. The children are mesmerized.

8. The tendency is to become a means of escape.

9. The escape is for adults.

10. The adults are bored.

11. The tendency has been to become a friend.

12. The friend is one to people.

13. The people are lonely.

14. The people are old.

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Pattern B: The low-flying jets broke the sound barrier, shattering windows and creating panic.

1. REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep occurs.

2. It occurs roughly every 90 minutes.

3. REM sleep relaxes muscles.

4. REM sleep triggers dreams.

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1. The Norsemen traveled far.

2. The Norsemen were ninth and tenth-century men.

3. The Norsemen ravaged Italy.

4. They ravaged Greece.

5. They colonized Greenland.

6. They colonized Iceland.

7. They discovered America.

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1. The Norsemen invaded England.

2. They were adventuring.

3. The Norsemen injected words.

4. The words were in the language.

5. The words were Norse.

6. The Norsemen influnced the sound structure.

7. The structure was of English.

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Pattern B1: Held every four years in Moscow, the International Tchaikovsky competition is among the world's most demanding and prestigious tests of musical talents.

1. It is characterized by the use of sequences.

2. The use is Picasso's.

3. The sequences are nightmare ones.

4. Guernica remains a depiction.

5. The depiction is timely.

6. The depiction is vivid.

7. The depiction is of war.

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1. It was covered by strawberries.

2. It was covered with whipped cream.

3. A sundae provides relief.

4. The relief is refreshing.

5. The relief is from the day.

6. The day is hot.

7. The day is humid.

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