Set III, 4

BUILDING COMPLEX SENTENCES

ADVERBIAL CLAUSES RELATIVE CLAUSES

When there is a relationship, you can join related ideas of time, place, cause, which refer to each other by condition, etc. between two, using any of the following ideas, you can join them by words to begin a relative clause: using adverbial clauses. To make an adverbial clause, you can add any of these words to the beginning of one of the clauses: AFTER SINCE WHO ALTHOUGH THOUGH WHOM AS WHEN WHOSE AS IF WHERE WHICH BECAUSE WHILE THAT BEFORE UNLESS IF UNTIL [My grandfather] is eighty years / old. / [He]/ collects stamps. My grandfather, who is eighty years old, collects stamps. examples: After finals are over, (PUNCTUATION HINT: Non- I will look for a job. restrictive clauses are relative clauses which can OR be taken out of the sentence without changing I will look for a job the basic meaning. Set after finals are over. these clauses off with commas: (PUNCTUATION HINT: Use a comma AFTER an adverbial clause do My bike, which is a not use a comma BEFORE an Schwinn, was a birthday adverbial clause.) present. DO NOT set off restrictive clauses with commas: Apples which are green are sour.

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