Set III, 3

BUILDING SENTENCE PATTERNS

1. SIMPLE SENTENCE - contains only one independent clause.

 Simple Sentence = [Subject] + [Predicate]  

        [Tom and Bob] [went to the park for a swim.]

2. COMPOUND SENTENCE -- joins two or more independent clauses (also called simple sentence or complete ideas) but no dependent clauses. Compound sentences join ideas of equal importance.

Compound Sentence =  [Simple Sentence] + [Simple Sentence] 

[ Tom and Bob went to the park for a swim] [, and] [then they rode their bikes home].

[ Tom and Bob went to the park for a swim] [;] [they felt really hot].

[ Tom and Bob went to the park for a swim] [;afterwards,] [then they rode their bikes home]. 

3. COMPLEX SENTENCES -- joins one or more dependent clauses (also called subordinate or embedded clauses) to the independent clause. 

Complex sentences are useful when your writing includes some ideas that are more important than others.  The independent clause contains the main idea, and the dependent clauses convey minor or subordinate ideas. 

Examples (dependent clauses in brackets):

The woman [who took the application] went to lunch. 

[When it began to rain], we left the tennis court. 

We left the tennis court [when it began to rain.]

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